The bigger problem, Columbia University Law Professor Elizabeth Scott says, is the nature of Ballew’s justification. “The judge made it clear that her primary motivation was religious the child name offended her Christian beliefs,” she says via email. “Thus her decision violates the First Amendment.” Kathryn Bradley, a family law professor at Duke University, says it “seems like the court really is overstepping its bounds in terms of imposing the court or the community’s beliefs on the child.” It didn’t help that Jaleesa Martin and the child’s father had gone before Ballew because they couldn’t agree on the child’s last name, not his first.
The BBC’s Panorama programme, which carried out a six month investigation, alerted Primark to the problems.”The information provided by the BBC enabled us to identify that illegal sub contracting had been taking place and to take action accordingly,” Primark explained.According to Primark, the garments affected accounted for 0.04% of the retailers’ worldwide sourcing.It added that “the sub contracting involved home working and in some instances children were also found to be working at home”.”We take this lapse in standards very seriously indeed,” said Primark, which is owned by Associated British Foods.”Under no circumstances would Primark ever knowingly permit such activities, whether directly through its suppliers or through third party sub contractors.”Code of conductUnder the terms of its code of practice for suppliers, Primark prohibits the use of child labour in its manufacturing chain.Primark says it will terminate relations with suppliers guilty of certain “transgressions” and those unwilling to make the “necessary changes” to their employment practices when breaches of its code are uncovered.Primark has proved one of the UK High Street’s unquestioned success stories in recent years, its mixture of low prices and accessible fashion proving a hit with varying age groups.It currently has more than 170 stores and made a profit last year on total sales of more thanLeading European and US retailers have come under growing pressure to ensure that workers in their supply chain particularly in labour intensive markets such as India and China are not exploited.Companies such as Nike have responded to consumer concerns about ethical standards in the retail industry by making public details of all their suppliers.But charities and fairtrade groups have criticised other retailers for failing to follow suit and argued that many popular products continue to be sold in developed countries at a fraction of their true cost of production.A Panorama special on Primark will be broadcast on BBC1 at 9pm on 23 June. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Read more.This page is best viewed in an up to date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled.